Saturday, June 4, 2011

The Rosetta Stone

The Rosetta Stone is one of the most famous artefacts in the British Museum, however its content is not well known to the visitor.  The inscription is a decree that affirms the royal cult of Ptolemy V, who was then 13 years old, on the first anniversary. Due to the Rosetta Stone and the translation given to us it was possible to start deciphering the hieroglyphs, by using the Greek text as a basis. 

The reason why this stone is written in three languages is simple. Alexander the Great conquered Egypt in 332 BC. His former general Ptolemy I, after Alexander's death, ruled Egypt and his descendants, known as the Ptolemies, ruled Egypt for 300 years. Due to this situation Greek and Egyptian cultures fused; Greek was the official language of the court, demotic Egyptian was the native script used for everyday purposes and hieroglyphs were only used by the priests. 

This historic fact can be used and can be understood as another fact which verifies how Alexander the Great of Macedonia was Greek and not a Slav, as many want to believe. Maybe the people who support this false idea and the countries who accept and have recognised F.Y.R.O.M. as Macedonia should look into their history books...

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