A Sudanese tradition, from the Silouk tribe, states that in the ancient times people use to visit the moon by a certain steep road; however they later got tired and stopped climbing it.
Certain Indian manuscripts state that the Greek gods fought against the inhabitants of the moon and its allies. Greek philosophers knew a great deal about the moon. Socrates described it as being a great hollow sphere, where in its core seas, land and people inhabited it, just like on planet earth. Plutarch and Diogenes Laertius explain what God Orpheus, the son of Apollo, believed about the moon; "the moon has mountains, towns and homes, the surface is similar to that of the earth's and is inhabited by godly beings". Orpheus was aware of the lunar calendar of 12 months and the lunar phases. He talked about the rotation of earth around the sun, the different zones of our planet, the moon eclipses, the solstices, equinoxes, the movements of the planets. He believed that the moon inhabitants moved from one planet to the next.
According to some myths numerous figures from ancient Greece visited or travelled around the moon, including God Dionysus, Hercules and many more. Apollo's sister, Artemis (Diana) was once Queen of the moon. Pythagoras, according to one story, believed that the moon was inhabited by Godly beings, similar to the humans. He even claimed that the day is 15 hours longer on the moon. The godly beings on the moon are taller than the humans, blonde and very beautiful. All of Pythagoras' knowledge derives from these beings, with whom he came into constant contact. In 1950 in a Mayan temple in Mexico researchers found a map of the Far Side of the Moon, which proved quite accurate, compared with the first official mappings brought by the space program (7.10.1959).