Thursday, January 5, 2012

Piraeus was once an island

Greek geographer Strabo wrote in the first century A.D. that Piraeus was formerly an island opposite the Attica mainland. A recent research undertaken by Greek and French geologists and archaeologists have confirmed Strabo's writings, concluding that indeed before 6000 years Piraeus was separated from the mainland.


Between 2850 and 1550 B.C., i.e. the Early and Middle Bronze Age, Piraeus was separated from the mainland by an increasingly shallow lagoon, becoming gradually a swamp area. In the 5th century B.C. Themistocles, Cimon and Pericles connected Piraeus with Athens via two long walls, one of the exegesis given after Athens received the Delphic oracle in order to defeat the Persian army, which are partly built on the coastal state (meadow), that was left after the partial withdrawal of water. However it remains a mystery how Strabo guessed correctly that Piraeus once was an island.    

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