Thursday, May 3, 2012

The Petralona Caves

The Petralona Caves are located near Nea Moudania, in Halkidiki, Macedonia (Northern Greece). It is famous worldwide due to the fact that it is embellished with stalagmites and stalactites; it also has a fossilized skull and bones of the Arhanthropos of Petralona, who was found in 1960 by local Christos Sarrigiannidis. The cave was discovered in 1959 by Filippos Hatzaridis, a local shepherd who was looking for a spring. 

The systematic excavations of the Cave began in 1965 by Professor Aris Paulianos, founder of the Anthropologic Company of Greece. He concluded that the Arhanthropos is about 700.000 years old, making him, thus, the oldest European.   

Further research in the Cave have yielded 4 isolated teeth, two pre-human skeletons dated about 800.000 years, a great number of fossils of various species and what is considered the oldest traces of fire known to this day.

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