Wednesday, April 25, 2012

The Healthiest Cuisines

According to a recent survey, conducted by American nutritionists involved in health promotions, the 10 healthiest diets were categorised. These are:
1. Greek Cuisine. It is no surprise that the Mediterranean diet has come first, which has always been considered one of the best in the world. It is rich in fibre, lentils, grains, olive oil, leafy vegetables, fresh fruits, omega-3 fatty acids, found in many fish which strengthen the immune system, reduce cancer risk, the risk for heart diseases, diabetes and other diseases associated with diet. According to a research by the University of Harvard, the traditional Mediterranean diet is associated with a 25% reduction in risk of death from heart disease and some cancers. 

2. Californian Fresh. It has as its base the enjoyment of seasonal local food, which are easy to prepare. This is a healthy way of eating, being rich in nutrients. 
3. Vietnamese Cuisine. The Vietnamese cooking uses fresh herbs and spices, vegetables, seafood, and cooking techniques that use water instead of oil. The traditional cooking is not based on frying and heavy sauces but on herbs. 
4. Japanese Cuisine. Traditional Japanese cuisine is very healthy, being rich in fruits and vegetables that battle cancer, whilst preparation of the food is crucial, since it is steamed. 
5. Indian Cuisine. Considered one of the richest cuisines, reminding us of certain aromatic spices and tastes, such as ginger, red chilli and masala garam (a blend of cumin, cardamom, black pepper, cinnamon, coriander and other spices). Researches have concluded that the rates of Alzheimer's disease in India is four times smaller than in America or Europe, due to the fact that the people there eat curry on a daily basis. The tumeric, i.e. the main ingredient in curry, is believed to have anti-inflammatory and healing properties. These are now being studied at the University of California.
6. Italian Cuisine. Its ingredients are what makes it stand out, especially the tomato, olive oil, garlic, oregano, parsley and basil. Traditional Italian herbs provide vitamins A and C. Oil helps reduce cholesterol, whilst it combats diseases related to the heart. 
7. Spanish Cuisine. Many critics applaud the fact that the Spanish eat tapas, i.e small dishes for lunch. Spanish diet consists of fresh seafood, vegetables and olive oil.
8. Mexican Cuisine. Authentic Mexican Cuisine can be beneficial for the heart and for slimming. A study at the University of Utah found that in fact a Mexican diet of beans, soups and sauces based on tomato, helped in reducing breast cancer in women. Mexican Cuisine consists of foods that are digested slowly by the body, such as beans and corn.
9. South American Cuisine. Despite talking about 12 countries here, common food is found in the whole region, including the consumption of fruits and vegetables with cereals. A typical meal found in South America consists of rice and beans, creating a perfect meal rich in protein. However, many countries are famous for their large consumption of steaks, a healthier choice is the ceviche. This mixture of fresh seafood provides a variety of healthy ingredients and spices, some paradigms being coriander, hot peppers, tomato and onions. 
10. Thai Cuisine. Researchers at the University of Kasetsart, Thailand, and Japan's Kyotoalla and Kinki Universities are interested in the effect of soup on the immune system, following the observation that various cancers were lower in Thailand than in other countries. Numerous Thai spices have great benefits; ginger stimulates digestion, turmeric is anti-inflammatory, whilst lemon grass has been used as a medicine to help treat colds and abdominal problems.          

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