Tuesday, July 21, 2015

Galata Tower

Galata Tower is one of the eye catching land marks of Istanbul, being the tallest building when it was built in 1348 AD, during an expansion of the Genoese colony in Constantinople. The tower was named Christea Turris (Tower of Christ) by the Genoese, whilst being known as Μεγάλος Πύργος (The Great Tower) by the Byzantines.

Interestingly enough, it wasn’t the first tower in Constantinople, since it was built to replace the Old Tower of Galata, which controlled the northern end of the huge sea chain that closed the entrance to the Golden Horn Bay.

This tower has functioned as an observatory and a prison, during the Byzantine and Ottoman eras. Nevertheless, today it is a popular tourist attraction, with a restaurant and a café on its upper floors, which command a Panoramic view of Istanbul and the Bosporus.

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