Saturday, September 26, 2015

Taksim Square, Istanbul

Taksim Square, is the heart of modern Istanbul, laid out in the late 1800s near a taksim (branching-point) in the city’s water distribution system. One can still see the Ottoman taksim at the beginning of Istiklal Caddesi.

The Independence Monument (Istiklal Aniti) in the circle at the southern end of the square commemorates the Turkish Republic’s founder, Kemal Ataturk, in both his roles, as military commander in chief and as statesman. The monument was made by the Italian sculptor Pietro Canonica opened in 1928. Since it’s opening, the monument became the centre spot of official ceremonies in Istanbul.

On its south façade overlooking the Siraselviller Street, there is Ataturk, Ismet Inonu and Fevzi Cakman in the front and other figures behind them symbolising the foundation of the Republic.On the north façade overlooking Cumhuriyet Street, the War of Independence is symbolised. On the east and west facades, the Turkish army is symbolised with a soldier holding the Turkish flag.

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