Tuesday, April 12, 2016

Uchisar Castle, Cappadocia

Uchisar is situated at the heist point in the region, just 7km from Nevsehir. The castle and its surrounds used to be the most populated area of this settlement, which resembles Ortahisar in style. However, as the population increased and the danger caused by erosion became greater, people moved away.

The top of the citadel provided a magnificent panorama of the surrounding area. Simple Byzantine graves, cut from the rock can be seen here. It is said that in towns with citadels, tunnels run from the citadels to the valley floors. These were built for defence and escape purposes, but are hardly visible now due to collapse and erosion.

The fairy chimneys to the North, West and East of Uchisar were hollowed out and used as graves during the Roman period. Dovecotes were cut into the side of these fairy chimneys. Folds in the rock, caused by erosion, can be seen at their best in the Uchisar valleys.  

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