Sunday, August 28, 2016

Ihlara Valley, Cappadocia

Ihlara Valley, in Cappadocia, central Turkey, is located within the border of Guzelyurt-Aksaray. Ihlara Valley and the volcanic landscape of the region were formed as a result of the volcanic eruptions of Mount Hasan during the third Geological Era. Melendiz River, the Cappadocia River, had carved its bed, made it deeper forming, thus, the valley. It flows through 14 km long Ihlara Valley, whose older name was Peristremma. Interesting enough there are 105 churches and nearly ten thousand rock caverns in Ihlara Valley.

Ihlara Valley, due to the great number of churches, was an important monastic centre. The Churches in the valley represent the characteristics of the age they were made, being constructed in a carved cross shape, with single or double naves.

The valley was used as a hermitage by priests and monks after the 4th century, spreading Christianity to the locals. Ihlara Valley stands as the pearl of Cappadocia, bringing together nature, history, art, culture and religion. 

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